The dizziness, or labyrinthitis, are a frequent reason for consultation in an osteopathic clinic.
The vertigo in fact most of the time does not have an organic or traumatic bassis but it arises spontaneously and gradually up to be a very debilitating discomfort.
Osteopathy is useful in these cases because the function of the balance by the number of structures that involves, can easily be a victim of osteopathic lesions.
First, the balance organ, located in the inner ear, can be hit directly by an osteopathic dysfunction.
In fact, the perilymph (in black), which is the liquid in which the are structures of the inner ear (in blue) are immersed, is closely related to the CSF (in yellow), the liquid that surrounds the central nervous system.
In the figure you can see the channel through which the perilymph and the inner ear communicate with the cerebrospinal fluid (arrow).
This makes a cranial-sacral dysfunction, which directly influences the fluctuation of the cerebrospinal fluid, have direct effects on the physiology of the perilymph and so on, as on the hearing.
The so-called Meniere's Syndrome has undoubtedly an osteopathic basis.
In addition to that the balance depends heavily on the proper functioning of the proprioceptive system, ie the system that regulates the flow of tactile and kinesthetic information to the brain from the periphery.
This information come from all parts of the body and inform the brain of the position of the body segments in space.
According to this kind of information, the brain adjusts the tone of antigravity muscles and then balance.
Furthermore, we have to consider the view that has a very important function in the regulation of balance.
These functions, in their entirety can all be compromised by an osteopathic lesion.
Just think of the dysfunctions of the foot, lower limb or those of the first cervical vertebrae, as well as those of the base of the skull.
As an example I'll describe the case of a 68 year old patient suffering from frequent and acute dizziness and for this reason he was forced in bed.
The discomfort had been present for years and controlled pharmacologically but in recent months it had worsened both in intensity and in frequency.
Osteopathic examination showed a restriction of mobility at the spheno -frontal level and a restriction on the right side of the falx cerebri in the sagittal direction.
The patient also presented a sacral anterior rotation on the right side and a ligament restriction at the level of the bladder.
Once the dysfunction has been corrected thesymptoms significantly weakened.
In the month following the first treatment, the patient still had a couple of acute crisis, however, it had significantly decreased compared to its standard.
During the two following months the dizziness gradually decreased until it didn't appear anymore.
After the osteopathic treatment the patient no longer presented problems.